Years of study of the paleoclimate and analyzing wind patterns and ocean currents can finally predict the weather or foresee disasters to come. However, the technology is not quite developed, and the foresight can be just a few minutes before the disaster or lead to wrong predictions. Nature is unpredictable, and no matter how prepared you are, things can go south in a matter of seconds. If looked into carefully, a pattern is recognizable when a single location’s history is formulated. For instance, in Rhode Island alone, the occurrence of storm-induced disasters occurred more than seven times. Thus, knowing how it affects the regions, one can set up preventive measures.
In the United States, hurricanes are the most common natural disaster that affects the country every year. The statistics based on the National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration data show that more than 17 hurricanes have appeared in the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans in the last decade. The hurricane season on the western coast occurs between June and November, whereas on the eastern coast between May and November. It also suggests that a category four or five hurricane can affect the economy and the loss of life.
Winter Storms/Polar Vortex
Winter storms can be dangerous due to inducing temperatures below the zero-degree mark. It precipitates snow or hailstorms in some instances, and locations which enjoy a tropical climate are highly underprepared for such a situation. Texas is known to enjoy a tropical climate and has never considered a threat from snowy conditions. This includes plowing strategies, stalking oil, and setting up indoor fires in the wood place. The sudden winter storm affected the whole state, and the power lines not designed to bear the cold temperatures utterly failed, leading the state into havoc. Winter storms frequently occur in the US, and polar vortexes majorly develop in the Atlantic Ocean.
Forest Fires Or Wildfires
Wildfires, especially on the western coast, are becoming a global topic and a political topic in the US. The wildfires that took place in California during the former President’s reign increased climate awareness. Wildfires in the US are sadly from man-made sparks, and sometimes strong winds spark the leaves due to friction causing massive fires. Forest fires are pretty common, especially on the west coast, and measures are in place to minimize the effects on wildlife and humans. The USDA’s forest service and wildlife fire management are responsible for reducing the impact of wildfires.
Earthquakes frequently occur on the west coast of the US due to the San Andreas fault. The most recent quake of magnitude 4.7 occurred on the 7th of May at Truckee in California. The earthquake’s aftershocks can be devastating and bring the economy down by losing millions of dollars and losing many lives. Earthquakes are looming threats for buildings, dams, or weak construction. In Japan, earthquakes are more frequent than in the US but can minimize the damage due to state-of-the-art engineering technologies.
The United States Geological Survey states that landslides are the most common disasters in all fifty states of the US. In the US alone, a landslide disaster costs more than $3.5 billion. The most common types of landslides include debris flow, rockfalls, and rockslides. Landslides can occur due to man-induced activities or from natural geomorphological processes. Landslides on slopes of highways and railways can be fatal, and hence, measures are in place to mitigate the effects.
Tsunamis are most common in the pacific ring of fire, i.e., continental subduction zones. Tsunamis in the US have affected mainly the state of Hawaii and Alaska. There are multiple causes of tsunamis, such as subaqueous landslides, earthquakes in the oceanic crust, and many more. However, tsunamis are not so common in the US. The government has measures to protect its citizens from such a threat, especially for people living away from the mainland. Floods can also occur due to tsunamis or dam failure due to earthquakes.
Heat Waves And Drought
In recent decades, heatwaves and drought have become increasingly common in the US. In California, the Folsom Lake, which is often full of freshwater, sees lower than average marks of the water surface. Droughts are becoming increasingly common despite the melting of ice caps in the North and South pole.
Pandemics are standard in human historical data, highlighting their catastrophic effects on human life and the economy. The Covid-19 pandemic has proven to be fatal and a catastrophe that devastated the whole world. Hopefully, more people better prepare for unknown but likely occurrences.
The US has put organizations like FEMA, CDC, USGS, National Ocean, and Atmospheric Administration to monitor and predict natural disasters and mitigate the effects. FEMA is responsible for focusing on post-disaster recovery and sets out alert texts for people in a range of fatal catastrophes. Each year, the US records an incrementing count in the number of disasters occurring in different states. The government spends more than 100 million dollars each year on disaster management and recovery initiatives. Thus, federal initiatives ensure the safety of its citizens and reduce the damage to the economy to keep you safe.
Disasters occur daily around the world. You never know when your area will experience a natural disaster or a worldwide pandemic. Try to prepare for these likely events. You will feel safer knowing that you have plans and items set in place if ever needed.