5 Basic Survival Skills Everyone Should Know

 

There are numerous survival skills, however, there are just five that are considered the essentials or basic techniques that everyone that is brave enough to venture into the wilderness should know, and be completed aware of the use and requirement of each skill. This article will just highlight the basic skills that every outdoorsman should know, it is not a full explanation of each technique. One thing to note is that the most critical survival element is your brain. Plus of all the survival skills, the most vital is not to panic, use your common sense, and practice all components of the five basic survival skills prior to being dependent on them.

Fire

This is the chief of the survival skills. With fire, an individual in the wilderness will be able to have comfort, light, and warmth, the ability to signal potential rescuers, cook food, and purify water. Fire could also assist in keeping would-be predators at bay and could be a very welcomed companion and friend. As a survival skill, fire is one that is fundamental. Everyone that wishes to enter the outdoors should possess at least two methods to starting a fire, one should be kept on their person at all times, while the other should be with their equipment. It is important to note that several smaller fires will provide more heat than one larger fire. An individual should gather all the firewood that they believe they will require for the night and then gather that same amount again, experience from persons that have been in situations in the wilderness bears evidence that it is needed. Fuel should be conserved by starting with a star fire, this is where the ends of the firewood meet in the fire only, then push them inward as additional fuel is required. Create a reflector from the space blanket on the rear wall of a shelter in order to reflect the heat from the fire to your back, then lie between the back of the shelter wall and the fire.

Shelter

The shelter is defined as the skill in which an individual protects their body from too much exposure to the snow, rain, wind, cold, or sun. Any and everything that adds to or takes from the overall body temperature of an individual could be their enemy in a survival situation. The first line of shelter defense is the clothing that a person has on, individuals should have the correct clothing for the correct environment. Hats are always considered a plus. Do all that is within your power to ensure that the clothing layer that is closest to the body remains dry. Wearing multiple layers of clothing with trap air and this method is also warmer than wearing just a single thick layer. If nature naturally provides a shelter for you, then do not waste time and extra energy trying to build one yourself. Always practice building a fast lean-to shelter in the event that you become lost and unable to locate the campsite. Use the space blanket to insulate the shelter, stop dampness, or wrap up while squatting or sitting in order to focus the body’s core heat.

Signaling

This survival skill is very unique, in that it provides the individual the means and capability of alerting any potential rescuer that they are in dire need of help. Whistles, mirrors, flags, bright color markers, flashing lights,s, and fire are all potential tools in aiding an individual in being located. The internationally recognized signal for distress is three fires placed in a triangular formation. Cautiously and carefully create a bank around the signal fires, so as to prevent setting fire to the surroundings. Only when you see persons in the distance or a plane should regular signal mirrors be used. Utilize an emergency strobe light during the night in order to attract attention from others that could be in close proximity. In order to attract attention, make a smoky fire using organic materials placed over the fire during the daytime. Place ground messages in open fields or clearings, SOS from colored clothing, logs or rocks, or anything that will be visible against the background. The majority of search and rescue outfits utilize aircraft as a primary option for sightings.

Food And Water

Water and food are vitally important for anyone’s survival. An individual should ration their sweat, but not their water intake, as a human could survive up to three days without water. Never consume plants that you know nothing about and absolutely never drink urine. It is a good strategy to assume that additional water and food will be required when planning the outing. Load up candy and energy bars and have some on your person constantly, just as a safeguard. Whenever possible boil all water for ten minutes and then an additional minute for every one thousand feet above sea level. In order to remove the larger particle from the water, strain it through a handkerchief or similar material. Always try to drink during the cool of the evening whenever possible. Never allow yourself to completely run out of water before collecting more, poly zip bags are great for collecting water and storing water. Lay your space blanket out in a trench to catch rainwater. Without a doubt, never consume wild berries that you are unable to identify.

First Aid

As a survival skill, first aid is not simply the basic medical requirements, it is the principal method in which individuals act in order to survive. First of all, do not panic, remain calm, and do all that you need to do in order to take care of yourself. Use the acronym STOP, to mean Sit, Think, Observe and Plan. It is in fact the smartest thing that anyone can do if they recognize that they are stranded or lost. The most crucial component of basic first aid for survival is to maintain your brain functionally in a ration way. Evaluate each need prior to the trip, develop a medical checklist, and walk with a personal first aid kit at all times. The majority of survival situations only require dressings for bruises, small cuts, and personal medication requirements, ensure that you always know what you have and the ways that it can be used. Try to avoid hypothermia by wrapping yourself in the space blanket and focus on being located.