What Is Tanning & The Risks

 

The Food and Drug Administration would like to inform consumers that ultraviolet radiation in tanning devices presents severe health risks. A report in 2009 by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, documented that tanning devices are very dangerous. Ultra-violet radiation exposure, whether directly from the sun or indoor tanning devices, could result in premature skin aging. It could also cause both short and long-term eye damage, skin burns, and skin cancer.

Given these risks, the FDA required that labeling be included on such sunlamps back in 2014. This warning stated that the product should not be used by anyone under the age of eighteen years old. Due to individuals under the age of eighteen being especially at risk, the FDA sought to restrict sunlamp product usage. They only want persons 18 years old or older to use the products and sign a risk acknowledgment certification prior to use. This certification must be signed every six months stating that they have been made aware of the risks to their health.

The Risks Of Tanning

Sunburn

This is also known as erythema and is one of the most noticeable signs of ultra-violet exposure and skin damage. It is often marked by peeling and redness, typically after a few days. Sunburn is considered a type of short-term skin damage.

The initial signs of sunburn are skin that appears to be flushed, gives off extra heat than is common, and is more tender to touch or painful. Regrettably, if the skin tone is a medium going too dark the individual might not realize any noticeable physical signs until a few hours later. It could take as much as six to forty-eight hours for the full impact of sunburn to be visible.

The American Academy of Dermatology recommends treating mild sunburn with cool baths. Also, aspirin and over-the-counter hydrocortisone can be used to ease the swelling and pain. Serious sunburn should be treated as a medical emergency and assessed by a health care provider immediately. Severe sunburn is often categorized by huge sections of blistered, red skin, accompanied by chills, fever, and headaches.

Sun Tan

There is no such thing as safe tanning. The enhancement of the skin pigment, known as melanin, which results in the tan color change, is a sign of skin damage.

Once the skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation, it amplifies the manufacturing of melanin. This is in an attempt to safeguard the skin from further damage. Melanin is the same thing that gives the skin, eyes, and hair their color. The enhancement in melanin might result in the skin tone darkening over the following forty-eight hours. Skin tones that are able to develop a tan, commonly skin types II through V, will potentially darken in tone within two to three days.

Premature Aging

At times this is known as photoaging. Premature aging is caused by unprotected ultra-violet exposure. It can take the form of dark spots and wrinkled, leathery skin.

A plastic surgeon or a dermatologist could develop a treatment plan depending on the requirements of the individual. Treatments could include skin fillers, dermabrasion, and chemical peels.

Skin Cancer

There are considered to be two chief types of skin cancer, these are melanoma and non-melanoma. Non-melanoma and carcinomas occur in the squamous or basal cells found at the base of the epidermis. Both on the exterior and the interior of the body. Non-melanomas develop frequently in sun-exposed sections of the body, which include the back of the hands, lips, neck, ears, and face.

Melanoma is far less common, however, a much more dangerous type of skin cancer. This form of skin cancer is responsible for the majority of the fatalities due to skin cancer every year. This type of cancer starts in the epidermal cells which manufacture melanin or melanocytes. As documented by the American Cancer Society, melanoma is practically one hundred percent curable once it has been diagnosed early.

Conducting frequent self-skin cancer assessments is a great way to safeguard yourself from skin cancer. Here are some signs of skin cancer, which should be assessed by a health care provider. A spot on the skin that suddenly feels painful, tender, and itchy. Inexplicable bleeding, oozing, or scaliness on the surface of the face. Any alteration on the skin, in particular the color or size of a birthmark, mole, or any other pigmentation that is dark.

Treatment for skin cancer differs depending on the form and severity of cancer. An individual’s health care provider will develop a plan of action to treat cancer, depending on the requirements of the individual.

Immune System Suppression

As stated by the World Health Organization, everyone, in spite of skin color, is susceptible to the impact of immune suppression. Ultraviolet overexposure might suppress the proper operation of the body’s immune system, plus the natural defenses of the skin. It could also increase sunlight sensitivity, decrease the effects of immunizations, or resulting in reactions to specific medicines.

In individuals who have been treated for the Herpes simplex virus, exposure to the sun could weaken the immune system. It could occur in a way that the body could no longer maintain control of the virus. This would result in reactivation of the virus and returning cold sores.