1. EL DORADO.
Meaning “Golden One” in Spanish, it was first heard of by the Spaniards in the 1500s who made their way across Central America till they reached Lake Guatavita where this legendary treasure supposedly originated from. It turned out El Dorado was apparently a sacred ritual performed by the native Muisca tribe’s leader who coated himself in gold and threw various gold items into the lake as a way to honor the Gods. This, in turn, led the Spanish to attempt to drain the lake in 1545, where they recovered some gold.