One that has erupted in the last 10,000 years is the definition of an active volcano provided by scientists, based on this, there are approximately 1,500 volcanoes that are considered active across the planet. Roughly seventy-five percent of these volcanoes are situated along what is referred to as the pacific ring of fire, which is an area that spans the entire perimeter of the landmasses on the Pacific Ocean. Trying to narrow down the most active volcanoes could be a bit subjective, however, based on recent research, there is no doubt what the number one active volcano in the world is.
Mauna Loa, Hawaii
This volcano is actually the largest one on the planet, which is a title that is possessed for quite a long time. The title was lost for a brief moment back in 2013, when scientists declared that there was an underwater volcano called Tamu Massif that was bigger than Mauna Loa, however, the scientists do not believe that Tamu Massif is actually a volcano anymore, as stated by National Geographic, giving Mauna Loa bac its title of largest volcano on earth. It is thought that Mauna Loa has been erupting consistently for approximately 700,000 years. The frequent flow of lava poses a serious risk to the communities that surround it.
Besides having a name that is very difficult to pronounce, Eyjafjallajokull has erupted as recently as 2010. Although the actual eruption was a relatively small one, the plume of ash emitted from the volcano resulted in a global air traffic crisis, resulting in numerous flights being canceled or diverted. It is perhaps one of the most famous volcanoes at present due to the fairly recent volcanic activity. The Eyjafjallajokull also has an ice cap that covers its caldera, a usual trait when compared to the other most active volcanoes.
Mount Vesuvius, Italy
Practically all volcanoes that are active across the globe could be dangerous if anyone is situated in close proximity to them at the point of an eruption, however, in several cases, the focus on one specific volcano has a tendency to be related to its geographic locale to the center of the population. Mount Vesuvius is situated a mere 5.5 miles from the city of Naples, Italy.
Due to this proximity, it means that this is the most densely populated area with a volcano that is active anywhere else on the planet. In 79 AD the disastrous eruption buried the cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii under tons of lava and ash. Within the last one hundred years on the European mainland, Vesuvius has been the only volcano to erupt. Presently, it is believed to be one of the deadliest volcanoes on the globe, due to the volcano’s tendency to have explosive, violet eruptions and the proximity it has to Naples.
Mount Nyiragongo, Congo
Within its main crater, Mount Nyiragongo has one of the biggest lava lakes in present-day times. Situated in the Democratic Republic of Congo within the Virunga National Park, the volcano has been credited for nearly forty percent of the eruptions in the history of Africa. Mount Nyiragongo has erupted a minimum of thirty-two times since 1882 plus there is consistent fluctuation in levels of the lava lake, which would suggest that there is magma activity underground.
The crater walls fractured in January 1977 and the volcano emptied the entire lava lake into the villages below in less than one hour, killing a minimum of seventy individuals. The lava lakes within the crater reformed subsequent to the 1982 to 1984 eruptions, plus the volcano erupted again in 2002. Due to the rise in the level of the lava lake in 2020, it is suggested that it would erupt again by 2024.
Taal Volcano, Philippines
Situated thirty miles due south of the capital of Manila, Taal volcano is the second most active in the Philippines. What is most noteworthy about this volcano is the dead rate it has accumulated over the years, with approximately 6,000 individuals being killed. This volcano remains a constant risk because of the proximity to the densely populated centers. Since 1977 the volcano has been relatively quiet, however, it erupted in 2020 and sent ash as far as sections of Central Luzon and Metro Manila. Evacuations were ordered due to volcanic thunderstorms and ashfall, followed by magma eruptions. The eruption took the lives of thirty-nine individuals because they either did not evacuate or health-related conditions during the evacuation.
Mount Merapi, Indonesia
Believed to have produced the most lava flow out of any other volcano in the world is Mount Merapi. During the latter part of 2010, a high alert was raised, and an evacuation ordered for the residents in regions surrounding the volcano. In October the same year, Mount Merapi erupted and continued erupting all through the month of November, resulting in approximately 350 individuals losing their lives and countless others without homes. Another eruption occurred as recently as 2018 resulting in several orders for evacuation across the region, the volcano is considered the most active in all of Indonesia.
This volcano rises to a height of 2.65 miles above the level of the sea and is believed to have been active for millions of years. The first recorded eruption took place in 1535. Back in 1978, scientists believed that the volcano was dormant, however, just ten years later there was an eruption, and then again in 1993 during a Decade Volcano conference being held in Pasto, resulting in the deaths of six scientists and three tourists that joined an unplanned voyage to the crater. The volcano still continues to spout ash on the nearby residents, constantly presenting a serious risk.
This has been consistently erupting according to reports, since 1955, with thousands of small explosions occurring annually, resulting in dangerous conditions for the neighboring city of Kagoshima. After being dormant for over a century, the volcano erupted in 1914 producing massive amounts of lava flows that are responsible for the volcano being connected to the mainland. In 2013 on August 18th the 500th eruption for the year occurred spouting an ash plume 3 miles into the air.