There is no city or in fact, no country that shows any immunity to the effects of natural disasters, however, there are a couple of cities that are more susceptible than others. Cities that are low lying along coastal lines can anticipate an increase in devastating floods which can destroy infrastructure, damage buildings, and even cause lives to be lost. By the year 2100, it is estimated that cities all over the world could experience as much as six feet of flooding. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has made a prediction that the coastline levels may rise as much as ten to twelve feet. It is worth noting that these estimates are just average and could mean that some cities will experience higher levels and others lower levels, however, the worse scenario is that some cities could even vanish underwater.
This city is already being reported as sinking and it has not completely recuperated from the devastation in 2005 by Hurricane Katrina. The city is susceptible to rising sea levels and flooding due to its location along the river delta. There are even sections of the city that are listed some fifteen feet under sea level. Due to human activity the wetlands that once protected New Orleans from the storm urges, are now gradually being destroyed. A study completed in 2016 by NASA discovered that specific regions of New Orleans continue sinking at a frequency of at least two inches per year, placing them on target to be inundated by the year 2100.
In Florida, the sea levels are rising at a faster rate than it is in other regions of the world. The sea levels in Miami are at present rising at a rate that could potentially destroy homes and roads. In the year 2018, a study from the Union of Concerned Scientists advocated that at many as 12,000 properties in Miami Beach are in serious danger of prolonged flooding within the following thirty years. A publication in the journal Nature Climate Change stated that the counties of Broward and Miami-Dade accounted for approximately two out of every eight people that could be impacted by the rising sea levels in the United States between 2010 and 2100. Although the sea levels only increase by the conservative numbers, the city may have to elevate their structures to literally stay beyond the water levels.
Another storm similar to Hurricane Harvey could have Houston swamped. Similar to New Orleans, the city is plummeting at a rate of two inches per year. The major offender is the excessive pumping of groundwater, which then results in an alteration in volume and pressure that triggers the land to begin sinking. This practice creates a vulnerability in the city to flooding similar to what was experienced when it was hit by Hurricane Harvey, a storm that devastated close to 135,000 houses and caused 30,000 people to be displaced. It is not likely for Houston to be entirely wiped out by just the sea level rise alone. However, more and more hurricanes and storms, in conjunction with sinking landscape and low elevation, could result in sections of the city being frequently underwater in the future.
During Hurricane Sandy, most of Atlantic City was underwater, but this city is no foreigner to flooding, specifically in the coastal areas. In 2012 the city was devastated by Hurricane Sandy, which left approximately seventy to eighty percent of the entire city practically underwater during the height of the hurricane. Some places had at much of eight feet of water for residents to wade through to get to safety. As it relates to flooding, Atlantic City is one of the United States’ most predisposed areas. In the next century, it is estimated that as many as 37,000 residents are at risk of flooding in the coastal areas.
New York City
Queens has been singled out by scientists as the district with the highest risk of being flooded. According to the Union of Concerned Scientists and Zillow, data provided forecasts that in excess of 2,700 homes or as much as 7,200 citizens in Queens could bear witness to prolonged flooding by the year 2045.
Atlantic City cannot even compare to the vulnerability to flooding as Charleston is, with approximately 64,000 of the people residing in that city being at risk of flooding along the coastal lines within the next 100 years. It was predicted that this city could experience as much as twelve feet of sea-level rise, placing the city underwater by 2050, the prediction revealed that over seventy-five percent of Charleston could be drowned.
By the turn of the century at least one in every six homes in Boston could be ravaged by flood. Although the entire city might not be totally inundated by the year 2100, the city would still cease to exist by then. A report from Zillow, using conservative estimates from the NOAA revealed that one in every six homes located in Boston could be besieged by 2100. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have also stated that it is practically guaranteed that Boston will experience at least one flood that rises above six feet by the year 2050.
Sitting on the intersection between the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay, as sea level rises, both of these bodies of water have the potential to cause significant impact through flooding to Virginia Beach, if struck by a severe storm or hurricane. Across the East Coast, this city is already experiencing one of the fastest rates of increase of sea level rising, specifically if the sinking landscape and rising water levels are factored in. By the year 2100, the NOAA suggests that Virginia Beach could experience a sea level rising to about twelve feet. This has already been proven as in 2018 when Hurricane Florence completely transformed the landscape of Virginia Beach into a water-soaked wilderness.