Almost all survival situations, especially those that take place over a period of days or even weeks, call for building a fire. Even if a person ends up in an extremely hot environment, like a desert, their chances of survival will be a lot better with access to flames and fire. It is easy to see why – a fire is a source of warmth, protection, cooking and disinfecting liquids, while it also provides a strong psychological boost. That is the reason why, since the dawn of time, humans have been gathering around fires and these signified their homes, no matter if they were in caves, cottages, or castles.
1. Aluminum Can.
Every regular aluminum created for holding beverages comes with a parabolic mirror. It is located at its bottom and it can be used to start a fire. For that, a person should gently polish the same area or the bottom spherical indentation until it attains a high polish finish. Once it is as reflective as a mirror, it should be placed in the sunlight and its focal point found – the parabolic mirror effect will be strongest about an inch from its deepest point. Here, a small flammable object should be placed, like a piece of dry cloth or some dried grass and it should catch flame. This happens as the aluminum mirror is converging sun’s rays onto one particular spot.
For this, you need a bigger flashlight which does not use LED technology. Instead, the flashlight cap should be open and its bulb is taken out. The glass bulb should be gently broken but its filament left in place. Then, the broken bulb should be put back into the flashlight and kindling placed around it. When the lamp is turned on, the filament should start to warm up and hopefully transform the heat into a flame inside of the tinder.
3. 9 Volt Battery And Steel Wool.
A 9-volt battery packs a lot of energy and it too can be used to create a flame. For this, steel wool is needed that should be rubbed against both contacts of the battery. As this takes place, the current will be created in the thin strains of the steel wool and some of them should start to glow red. At that point, the searing part of the steel wool should be moved to a previously prepared bundle of dry grass or leaves where it can start a fire in only a moment. Many different types of batteries can also be used in similar ways to start a fire.
4. Flint And Steel.
Flint and steel are probably one of the oldest means of making a fire and today they are still widely used. Flint is a type of stone that produces sparks when it is firmly rubbed against steel objects. With these two objects, it is enough to just repeatedly grind them together near a prepared kindling bundle and it will catch flame from one of the sparks emitted by the process.
Friction makes heat and enough heat can produce a fire. This is why in the wilderness and survival situations, most experts will go for the process of friction to build a fire. For this, a person does not need anything gear-wise. The main idea of several friction approaches is to simply rub a piece of wood against another piece until they produce embers of searing wood particles. These are then transferred to a prepared kindling were it starts a fire.
6. Magnifying Lens.
During the daylight, using a magnifying lens is the easiest way to start a fire. With it, a prepper only has to find a good angle and focus the sunbeams into a point that will start a fire in a quick manner. The same technique is so effective that even quickly gathered wood without any kindling can be set ablaze. The great thing about a magnifying lens is the fact that it can be used constantly.
7. Water-Filled Clear Plastic Bag/Bottle.
the use of a clear plastic bag/bottle that is filled with water is probably one of the most demanding ways of starting a fire. The basic idea behind this approach is to emulate a magnifying lens effect using the water and the bag/bottle as the improvised lens. For this to work, the bag/bottle, as well as the water, need to be very clear and their shape has to be that of a lens. Then, with a lot of patience and careful positioning, the bag/bottle can be placed in the sunlight and its rays can be focused into a fire-starting beam. The same beam will be most likely short-lasting so very dry and very fine kindling should be employed from the first moment of using the bag/bottle.