Countries across the world can be measured in both size and population. For example, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering a whopping 17.1 million square kilometers (km2) (approximately 6.6 million square miles(mi2)) but is only 9th in population. China, on the other hand, is significantly smaller than Russia (but still very large), yet is home to 1.4 billion people, the highest population in the world. There are over 200 countries across the globe and they come in many different sizes. Each country has its own independence, autonomy, and uniqueness, and for many, a diminutive size that can be an advantage.
62 mi2 (160 km2)
This landlocked micro-state (not to be confused with micro-nations) is found in the Alps, between Switzerland and Austria. With a population of about 36,000, which is less than that of any given city in the United States, this country remained neutral during both World Wars. It even abolished its army in 1868, 62 years after becoming an independent state. It also has the highest recorded GDP per person in the world and is the 4th smallest country in Europe.