With water shortages caused by wonky weather patterns, finding ways to maximize the water we do have has become a focus of preppers near and far. That said, in addition to knowing how to find, harvest, purify, and store water, it is important to develop a lifelong habit of conserving water. The bottom line is that careful water conservation methods will allow you to make the most of limited supplies not only following a disruptive event but also day to day as you learn to make do with what you have during a drought.
1. Do Not Keep The Bathroom Faucet Running.
The faucet at the bathroom sink does not need to be running continuously while you brush your teeth, wash your face, or shave. You will save between three and five gallons of water each minute your faucet is turned off. That is a lot of water! Instead, use the stopper on the sink and drain the basin when you are done.
2. Only Flush When Needed.
The toilet is not a wastepaper basket for tissues, cotton balls, or other bits of trash. Even better, flush the solids every single time but alternate flushing the liquids. The prepper’s motto is ‘yellow, let it mellow’, ‘brown, flush it down’.
3. Flush Using Less Water.
Most toilets installed before 1980 use 5 to 7 gallons of water per flush. Toilets installed between 1980 and 1993 use 3.5 gallons per flush. Toilets installed since 1994 use 1.6 gallons. If you happen to have an older toilet, consider filling a used soda bottle or jar with water and small pebbles or marbles and place it upright in the tank. This will cut down on the amount of water that flows through the tank with each flush. Just be careful not to place the bottle where it will jam the flushing mechanism. Also, make sure you don’t displace so much water that you have to double-flush. Double flushing wastes more water than you would save.
4. Check For Leaky Faucets And Toilets.
It is easy to replace worn washers and since a small leak can waste many gallons of water a day, it is well worth the effort to test for leaks now. The way to test for toilet leaks is to put a few drops of food coloring in the tank to see if the colored water appears in the bowl. This takes about 10 minutes. If the water color changes, you have a leak. Not to worry, though. Most leaks can be repaired with a kit that you can pick up at your local hardware store. Keep in mind that little leaks can add up quickly. A faucet drip or invisible toilet leak that totals only two tablespoons a minute comes to 15 gallons a day. That’s 105 gallons a week or 5,460 wasted gallons of water a year.
5. Check For Leaks.
A leak can be hidden but lead to a lot of water loss over time. Check for hidden water leaks elsewhere in your home by reading your water meter. What you do is read the house water meter before and after a two-hour period when no water is being used. If the meter does not read exactly the same, there is a leak.
6. Take Short Showers.
Bathing and showering consume huge amounts of water. One good way to conserve is to turn the water off while you soap up. Some people get too cold doing that so instead, they can install a water saving shower head. Another option is to limit the length of your shower to 5 minutes or less. Reducing your shower time by only 1 minute can save up to 1,000 gallons of water a year.
7. When You Take A Bath, Use Lots Of Bubble Bath.
We kid you not. Stop up the tub, add a copious amount of bubble bath and add just a few inches of water. It is totally an illusion but it will seem as though the water is higher than it really is. In addition, remember to plug the tub before turning on water; that initial burst of cold water will be warmed later by adding hot water.
8. Refrigerate Drinking Water To Keep It Cold.
Like your drinking water cold? Keep a bottle or carafe of drinking water in the refrigerator so that you do not have to leave the faucet running while getting a cold drink. However, most people prefer their drinking water at room temperature.
9. Use Kitchen Water Wisely.
In the kitchen, don’t let the faucet run when you scrub vegetables or prepare other foods. Put a stopper in the sink instead. Likewise, do not use running water to thaw meat or other frozen foods. Defrost food overnight in the refrigerator or place it in a bowl of hot water instead. Washing dishes by hand can help you realize how much water you are using and not dirty as many dishes too. People with dish washers tend to use more cups than they need for example.
10. Use Buckets Of Water Instead Of A Hose.
Use buckets when washing your car instead of letting the water from the hose run continuously. This will save a lot of water. Your vehicle will become just as clean and when you are done, a quick rinse will whisk away the final remnants of dirt. This same process works with washing outdoor furniture, patios, and just about everything else.
11. Be Prudent When Preserving Pipes In Freezing Weather.
Most people know that you can leave some water running in order to prevent pipes from freezing in cold weather. Except for the most extreme of situations, all you need is a very thin trickle of water running to accomplish that goal.
12. Use Your Washer And Dishwasher For Full Loads Only.
When doing laundry in a washing machine, run full loads only. The same applies to dishes in a dishwasher. Instead of pre-washing dishes before putting them in the dishwasher, spray them with a mixture of soap and water (3 tablespoons per quart of water). Sponge or brush off the excess food, perhaps using a bit more of your spray. No additional water is needed.
13. Install Inexpensive Faucet Aerators In Your Bathroom And Kitchen.
If you can bathe your whole body with a shower head that uses less than 2.5 gallons per minute, why use up to 7 gallons just to wash your hands in the sink? An inexpensive faucet aerator that supplies 2.5 gallons per minute should be fine in the kitchen. In the bathroom, a 1-gallon-per-minute aerator will provide plenty of water to brush your teeth, wash your hands.
14. Water Plants Deeply But Less Frequently.
When watering your plants, deep soak each time you water. Many people water lightly and frequently, causing a shallow root system. Watering deeply and infrequently creates a healthy root system that is better equipped to withstand heat and drought. Also, use watering cans, whenever possible, especially when watering just a few patio plants. Watering with a hose may actually put more water on the patio than in the containers as you move from plant to plant.]