It is often said “A strong man and a waterfall channel their own path”. Waterfalls are among the most exquisite and beautiful wonders of nature. A waterfall is an area where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops in the course of a stream or river. Waterfalls also occur where meltwater drops over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf. Few natural wonders encapsulate the sublime power and impermanence of the wild like roaring waterfalls. The force of a waterfall can carve a valley out of mountains, shape the world’s grandest canyons and even power our electrical grids.
Angel Falls is the highest waterfall in the world, plunging an incredible 3,212 feet over the edge of the Auyantepui mountain in Venezuela. In fact, the fall is so tall that much of the falling water evaporates or dissipates as a fine mist before it reaches the ground.
This eerie and mysterious blood-red waterfall is located in remote Antarctica. The red color is partially the result of saltwater tainted with iron oxide, which turns red when it hits the air. A new study from researchers at the University of Alaska Fairbanks links the waterfall to a large source of salty water that may have been trapped under a glacier for more than 1 million years. The water is so salty, they say, it’s more like brine. Researchers found that brine travels 300 feet under Taylor Glacier, which is the coldest known glacier to have persistently flowing water, according to the study published in the Journal of Glaciology. The real mystery of these falls is what lives in the water. Water samples contain almost no oxygen, but at least 17 different types of alien-like microbes have been identified slithering around in the blood-like water.